The major task of Agricultural Engineering is to apply technological and engineering tools to increase the agricultural production and efficiency, improve product quality, while preserving the quality of the environment. Agricultural Engineering is applied in land development for new agricultural projects. It is responsible for enhancing the agricultural production by optimizing irrigation, drainage and soil conservation. The department pursues the development of new production and control systems such as greenhouses and automated post-harvest processing methods. Israel, where high technology agriculture is practiced under conditions of limited water supply, develops and exports new varieties of agricultural products, agriculture-related industrial products and systems, and advanced know-how. In the future, modern agriculture in our region will face new challenges following the peace process between Israel and its neighbors.
The Lowdermilk Department of Agricultural Engineering is named for the late Dr. Walter C. Lowdermilk, the world-renowned American expert on soil conservation, who supported the development of the State of Israel, and guided and inspired this Department from its first days.
The Department of Agricultural Engineering opened its doors in February 1953. In May 1965 it absorbed the Soil and Water Science group, which had been until then a part of the Faculty of Civil Engineering, to become the "Faculty of Agricultural Engineering".
Since 1953, more than 1000 Bachelor of Science, 100 Master of Science and 50 Doctor of Science degrees have been awarded. Our graduates have been instrumental in the development of the Israeli economy. They hold senior managerial positions at governmental, public, and private enterprises such as the Water Commissioner's office, Israel Water Planning (TAHAL), manufacturers of irrigation systems, and fertilizer and agricultural machinery industries. They are also active in other engineering fields, such as mechanical and aeronautical industries in key positions. Agricultural engineers from the Technion have also been at the forefront of the Israeli technical aid to many developing countries.
At present, the faculty deals mainly with:
- mechanization of soil tillage and earth moving machines
- crop processing and harvesting machines
- irrigation and land drainage
- water delivery networks and storage systems
- soil conservation, conditioning and fertilization,
- livestock and aquaculture engineering
- analysis and optimization of agricultural systems
- automation and control
- environmental processes and conservation
- quality assessment of agricultural products